A global renewable energy jobs report released today by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the International Labor Organization (ILO) reveals which countries lead the world in manufacturing and wind and solar installation.
“Renewable Energy and Jobs: Annual Review 2022” shows that the number of people working in the renewable energy sector has continued to grow. In 2021, there was a global increase of 700,000 new renewable energy jobs, bringing global renewable energy employment to 12.7 million, despite the pandemic and growing energy crisis.
The report’s authors noted that the pandemic is directly contributing to domestic job creation:
The lingering impact of the COVID-19 crisis has shed light on the viability of distant supply chains. Growing concerns amid additional supply chain disruptions, trade disputes and geopolitical rivalries are driving interest in localizing supply chains to improve resilience, domestic value and business creation. jobs.
By 2030, under an ambitious energy transition scenario, the number of jobs in renewable energy worldwide could reach 38.2 million.
Solar, which accounts for more than a third of the total renewable energy workforce, is the fastest growing renewable energy sector.
China is the largest manufacturer and installer of photovoltaic solar panels, and its number of offshore wind jobs is on the rise. Southeast Asian countries are becoming major manufacturing centers for photovoltaic solar panels and biofuel producers.
India, which has added more than 10 GW of solar PV panels, has created many installation jobs, but remains heavily dependent on imported solar panels.
European countries now account for around 40% of global wind power generation and, combined, they are the largest exporters of wind power equipment. Europe is also trying to rebuild its photovoltaic solar panel manufacturing industry.
Mexico is the leading supplier of wind turbine blades in the Western Hemisphere. Brazil remains the largest employer of biofuels and also creates many jobs in wind and solar installations. The United States is beginning to build a domestic industrial base for its burgeoning offshore wind sector.
The role of African countries is currently limited, but the report highlights that there are growing employment opportunities in distributed renewable energy, especially to support local trade, agriculture and other economic activities. .
Read more: This new innovation increases the energy production of wind farms without costing anything
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