Anioma, the bias, the imbalance in the creation of states — Opinion — The Guardian Nigeria News – Nigeria and World News



If the bar for the creation of new states, as contained in our presidential constitutions of 1979 and 1999, had been lowered, Anioma could have become a state by now. And not part of Delta State.

Likewise, Ijebu, Ijesha, Okun which includes Mopa, Ogidi, Ayetoro Gbede, Okedayo, Odo Ere, Ife, Egbe, Iyara, Iyamoye, Odoape, Ekinrin-Adde, Kabba, Isanlu, Obajana, Ikoyi, Agbaja, as well as other states, could have been created now. Anioma means “Good Land” in the Igbo language.

Mineral resources identified at Anioma include significant gas deposits at Okpai and Ndokwa. The dominant industry in Anioma is education, hence the first teacher training institute in the Western Region of which the Anioma Nation was a part was at Ibusa in present-day North Oshimili Local Government Area . Had it been created, Anioma could have become the sixth Igbo state.

The main towns and villages are Asaba, Agbor, Kwale, Oligbo, Ibrode, Ibusa, gbanke, Igbodo, Igbuku, Illah, Isa-Ogwashi, Iselegu, Isheagu, Isikiti-Ishiagu, Issele-Azagba, Issele-Mkpitime, Issele-Uku, Isumpe, Kwale, Mbiri, Ndemiri, Ndokwa, Abbi, Inam-Abbi, Eziunm, Nkpolenyi, Nsukwa, Obeti, Obi Anyima, Obi Umutu, Obi, Obiaruku, Obikwele, Obinumba, Obior, Obodo-Eti, Obomkpa, Ogbe, Ogode, Ogume, Ogwashi-Uku, Oko Anala, Oko/Ogbele, Oko-Amakom, Okotomi, Okpa, Okpanam, Okwe, Oligbo, Oligbo, Olor-Usisa, Olu-Odu, Omaja, Onicha Olona, ​​etc.

Exceptional men and women like Major Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu (February 26, 1937 – July 29, 1967), Chief Dennis Chukude Osadebay (June 29, 1911 – December 26, 1994), Chief Ogoegbuname Idise Dafe (1928 to 1981), Chief Jim Ovia (70), Chief Nduka Obaigbena (63), Chief Tony Elumelu, Nduka Irabor, General Alaba Isama (retired), Mitchell Obi, Nduka Otionu, Ambassador Joe Keshi, Chris Okolie, General Fred Chijuka (retired ), Colonel Trimnel, Major Okonkwo, Chief Sunny Odogwu, Nduka Eze, Godwin Emefiele, Colonel Igboba, Professor Fideli Odia, Dr Gabriel Ogbechie, Bode Bernard, Admiral Dele Ezeoba, Ambassador Ralph Uwechei, Dame Winnie Akpani, Dr Austin Izagbo, Epipany Azinge (SAN), Frank Nwachukwu Ndili, Ike Nwamu, Emma Nyra Joseph Udeh, Maryam Babangida, General Lucky Irabor, Alex Iwobi, Professor Joseph Chike Edozien, Professor Patrick Utomi, Zulu Sofola, Sam Obi, Austine “Jay-Jay” Okocha, Nduka Odizor, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, Lisa Omorodion, Ned N woko, Stephen Okechukwu Keshi, Demas Nwoko, Faze, Chief Philli p Asiodu, Emmanuel Ibe Kachukwu, Joseph “Hannibal” Achuzie, Sunday Oliseh, Ifeanyi Okowa, Joy Ogwu and others too numerous to mention, are all from Anioma .

The struggle for the creation of the state of Anioma began a long time ago, but it became more vocal in 1980. And men like Senator Nosike Ikpo (1933-2021) championed the cause of the creation of the state. ‘State of Anioma. At that time, what could be referred to as Anioma included four local governments, namely Ika, Oshimili, Aniocha and Ndokwa.

Now, the four local governments include nine local governments, namely Aniocha North, Aniocha South, Ika South, Ika North East, Ndokwa East, Ndokwa West, Oshimili North, Oshimili South and Ukwuani.

Senator Ikpo was born on March 21, 1933 in Ibusa. He was educated at St. Thomas School, Ibusa. He was a teacher, then a bank employee, representative, Longman, administrator, British Council, company director, elected senator, 1979-1983, re-elected senator, October-December 1983; Member, Action Group, 1958-1966, Member, Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN), 1979-1983, Administrative Secretary, UPN, 1979-1983, Chief Organizing Secretary, UPN, Former Bendel State Branch until 1983; member of the National Party of Nigeria, March-December 1983.

The people of Anioma are well educated. Long before the creation of the Mid West Region in June 1963, they benefited from the free education program of Chief Obafemi Awolowo GCFR (March 6, 1909 – May 9, 1987) when they were part of the West Region and thereafter when they became part of the Mid Western region. .

It was during one of the many lunches I had with Senator Ikpo in the canteen of the National Assembly in 1979 that I first heard of the name Anioma.

ALADINMA was first proposed as the capital of Anioma State, but the reasons prevailed over Senator Ikpo’s committee and were later persuaded to make Asaba the capital of the proposed state. This was long before General Ibrahim Babangida approved Asaba as the capital of Delta State.

Although Asaba is a very expensive city today, Asaba years ago, between 1886 and 1900, hosted the Royal Niger Company, which the British authorities created to stimulate trade and the export of goods to the ‘England. This company has today become UAC Nigeria PLC.

Scottish explorer William B. Balkie, when signing a trade treaty with the Igbo chief Ezebogo at Asaba on August 30, 1885, remarked, “After our greetings I speak of friendship, trade and education, and I particularly dwelled on the evils of war, and the blessings of peace”, all of which were well received.

If the state of Anioma was created, the port of Asaba might have become functional by now.

People called this area Mid-West Ibo or later Bendel Ibo. Senator Ikpo then told me that it was uncharitable to refer to his people as Mid West Ibo or Bendel Ibo. He explained that they were Igbos of the same identity as Anambra and Imo states.

When Alhaji Usman Aliyu Shehu Shagari GCFR (February 25, 1925 – December 28, 2018), succeeded General Olusegun Obasanjo (85) GCFR on October 1, 1979, he received a Presidential Constitution that did not favor the creation of more states and of local communities. country’s governments.

If you look at Article 8 of the 1979 Constitution, you will find that it will be impossible to create new states. That was how the military wanted it.

The section states that “An Act of the National Assembly to create a new State shall not be passed unless—- (a) a request, supported by at least a two-thirds majority of the members (representing the region requesting the creation of the State new State) in each of the following countries, viz.—- (i) the Senate and House of Representatives (ii) the House of Assembly as regards the area, and the councils of local governments as regards which concerns the area, is received by the National Assembly; (b) a proposal for the creation of the Senate is then approved by referendum by a majority of at least two-thirds of the population of the region from which the request for the creation of the State originates; (c) the result of the referendum is then approved by a simple majority of all the States of the Federation supported by a simple majority of the members of the Houses of Assembly, and (d) the proposal is approved by a resolution passed by a two – majority one-thirds of the members of each house of assembly.

To be continued tomorrow

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